Family History Research: by Lorna Flint Laughton

Alfred LAUGHTON

Male 1850 - 1912  (61 years)


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  • Name Alfred LAUGHTON 
    Birth Abt 1850  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Since he was age 27 when he married on May 1, 1877, his birth year was calculated as circa 1850.
    Born 12 Feb 1850  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Christened 7 Apr 1850  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Gender Male 
    AFN
    Census Apr 1851  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    • Alfred was aged 1 and born in Renhold.
    Census 26 Apr 1861  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 9
    • Alfred was living with his parents, Mary and Samuel Laughton, at Salph End Farm, Renhold. He was aged 11, born in Renhold, and a scholar.
    Census 8 Apr 1871  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [10, 11
    • Alfred was living with his parents, Mary and Samuel Laughton, in Renhold. He was not married, aged 22, a carpenter, and born in Renhold.
    Occupation 1 May 1877  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    servant 
    Residence 1 May 1877  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    77 Hamilton Terrace 
    Census 1881  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    • Alfred was the head of the family at the Pyrgo Arms, Eastwick, Hertfordshire (Greater London East). He was aged 31 and born in Renhold, Bedfordshire.
    Directory 1890  Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    • Alfred was listed as a farmer and beer retailer in Renhold.
    Directory 1894  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    • Alfred was a farmer in Renhold.
    Census 2 Apr 1911  Wavendon, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    • Alfred was the head of the household, aged last birthday 61, married for 33 (completed) years, a jobbing fardener, a worker (rather than an employer), and born in Renhold, Bedfordshire. He was living with his wife, Annie Laughton.
    Reference Number 16.7 
    _TODO Open 
    • buy marriage registration for Alfred Laughton and Annie [Dedman?] from Marylebone Registration District, Volume 1a, page 919, in June 1877 quarter. Ordered April 11, 2009
    _UID 0E684EA84555410581BA12959C508FC56E14 
    Died 9 Feb 1912  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [16
    Person ID I91  Everyone
    Last Modified 17 Mar 2018 

    Father Samuel LAUGHTON,   b. 1 Oct 1812, Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Aug 1891, Wolverton, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Mother Mary WILES,   b. 27 Apr 1812, Ravensden, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Oct 1886, Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Marriage Banns 6 Mar 1836  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    • The banns were read on Sunday 6 March, Sunday 13 March and Sunday 20 March 1836 by A. J. Crispin, Vicar, at All Saint's Church, Renhold.
    Married 4 Apr 1836  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [18, 19, 20
    Marriage 4 Apr 1836  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [18, 20
    • The marriage was conducted by A. Crispin, Vicar.
    Marriage witnesses 4 Apr 1836  Renhold, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [18, 20
    • The witnesses were John Elsom, Anna Wyles, and Elizabeth Carter. On the Bishop's Transcripts, Elizabeth Carter was left out.
    Family ID F27  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Annie DEDMAN,   b. Abt 1848, Harlow, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1 May 1877  Marylebone, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • St. Mark's Church, Marylebone, London, England, UK


      Welcome to the web site for St Marks church, Hamilton Terrace.

      St Marks is a Church of England church in the Diocese of London. It is built on a site purchased in 1846 from the Trustees of Harrow School, who had owned the land since 1592.

      The Parish in which it stands occupies the extreme Northwest of the original Parish of St. Marylebone, which by 1846 had become an urban development area too large for the mother church to deal with.

      The Church was built to a design by Thomas Cundy ?u?II?/u? and was consecrated on 24th June 1847. The Chancel was rebuilt and enlarged in the years 1878-9, and the baptistery was added in 1912 at the Southwest corner. The Church is mainly distinguished for its internal furnishing, especially as regards the Chancel. For more information about the construction of the Church see the ?u?Church construction <http://www.stmarks.me.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=45&Itemid=55>?/u? page.


      ?b?Brief History:?/b?

      By Robert Tyerman

      "St Marks's Church was consecrated by the Bishop of London on 24th June 1847, and has enjoyed a history of education and literary associations and, for most of the time, moderate, non-partisan churchmanship ever since. As well as the cure of souls, finance and building have presented continuing challenges, as much in the heyday of the 19th-century pew-renting congregations as today.

      Built to cater for the new villa dwellers who came to live on this previously rural fringe of London, St Mark's was intimately connected with the foundation of St John's School, Leatherhead, and the genesis of Lewis Carroll's 'Alice' books. The need for a church in the new district was felt from the early 1840's and a small temporary building was constructed as an outpost of the parish of Christ Church, Marylebone. The freehold of the site was brought for ?600 in 1846 from the trustees of Harrow School.

      St Mark's was built at a cost of ?9,300 (in the money of the day) by the architects, Thomas Cundy and his son, also Thomas. One critic called it somewhat mysteriously 'a large broad, Gothic riding school' and the Ecclesiologist magazine lamented 'another vast hall with galleries around three sides'.

      Most people, then, as now, however, appreciated the building's qualities of light and space. It had seats for 1,450, with 1,000 rented seats and the rest free. The divisive practice of pew renting persisted in the Church of England well into the twentieth century, in some cases up to the Second World War, but, even in today's stretched financial conditions, there have been no voices raised for its reintroduction at St Mark's.

      Ashley Haselwood, who had been the Christ Church curate in charge of the initial St Mark Project, became the first vicar. Haselwood moved to have a school founded next to the church for the sons of poor clergy (who were less widespread than now), which became St John's School.

      First reactions to his plan were distinctly tepid. It was suggested he wanted the school simply to provide choristers and that some of the money raised to fund St John's was in fact used to pay his curate; in those days, incumbents paid curates out of their own stipends.
      Haselwood, who lived in Bond Street, was frequently absent from the church. Richard Hughes, the historian of St John's, recalls there were criticisms of Haselwood's handling of the money from rented pews and allegations of speculation in railway company shares.

      Nevertheless, the money for the school was raised, one wealthy parishioner, Lady Burdett-Coutts, of the banking family, committing more than ?600 a year to the project - each pound gave the donor a vote on admissions to the school. St John's began life next to the church, later shifted to Greville Mount, in Kilburn, and finally moved to Leatherhead in 1872. Haselwood's curate, Dr Thompson, became its headmaster. Today, St John's still provides scholarships for the sons and daughters of the clergy and Hughes says it is anxious to revive associations with St Mark's.

      Haselwood was succeeded in 1857 by John Bellow, a noted and popular preacher, who eventually went over to the Roman Catholic Church.

      In 1870, perhaps the most famous of all St Mark's incumbents - so far - was installed, Canon Robinson Duckworth.

      From its beginning, incumbents of St Mark's have been presented by the Prime Minster. It was perhaps no coincidence that Duckworth was also tutor to Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, Queen Victoria's youngest son.

      Duckworth proclaimed it his mission "to provide a type of service which should be identified with no party but should be reverent, dignified, representative of the best spirit of the Church of England and void of offence in the eyes of all who are loyal to the Prayer Book". The Parish schools, started in 1864, but in a dilapidated state, were rebuilt in 1873 in what is now Violet Hill. The chancel was built in 1877 and 1890, during Duckworth's incumbency.

      It was on a boating expedition that Duckworth introduced Alice Liddell, the daughter of his friend, Charles Liddell, to the Revd Charles Dodgson, alias Lewis Carroll, a clerical don who used her as the model for his books, ?i?Alice in Wonderland?/i? and ?i?Alice through the Looking Glass?/i?. Duckworth himself appears in the foreword of an early edition of the ?i?Wonderland?/i? as 'The Duck' and ?i?Alice through the Looking Glass?/i? is supposed to have been written in his vicarage. He also had a tenuous link with George Washington. His friend Charles Liddell's cousin, the Earl of Strathmore, married a grand-daughter of the American President's cousin, Robert Porteous, whose son, coincidentally, later became a Bishop of London.

      After 26 years, Duckworth was succeeded by another well-connected parson. John Magee, the son of an Archbishop of York and great-grandson of an Archbishop of Dublin. Magee was a former chaplain to the Bishop of Rochester, Randall Davidson, who was Archbishop of Canterbury during the First World War. He invited many of the famous preachers of the day to St Mark's but was criticised by low church people for departing from Duckworth's policy and taking St Mark's too 'high'.

      This tendency was blamed by his critics for the falling-off in congregations and grave financial problems which beset the church in the first two decades of the present century. Hospital collections fell from ?160 in 1907 to ?28 in 1922 and the Easter offering from ?202 in 1914 to ?64 in 1922.

      But, there were other problems, besides liturgical differences. The population mix of the district was changing with more non-Christians coming into the area. The First World War had a traumatic and profoundly dislocating effect on the community and the church.
      St Mark's had never been richly endowed and always relied on the support of parishioners and well wishers, as it does today. One such, Joseph Good, funded the building of the spire and much of the chancel.

      In 1908, St Mark's had to find ?1,200 to rebuild its drains and underpin the west end of the church. Some of the money came from voluntary contributions and some from a bazaar, opened by the Duchess of Albany. After Duckworth's death in 1911, funds were raised to build the present baptistery in his memory. Money was raised to later, under Magee's successors, to electrify the church in 1925, for ?340, and make other improvements, as congregations slowly rebuilt in the inter-war years. Magee's successor, Perceval Gough, inherited debts of ?800 and an annual stipend which had fallen to ?300. Vigorous fund-raising through bazaars and other means became the order of the day.

      John Newsham Taylor, who took over from Gough in 1933, decided to economise further by disposing of the old vicarage at 5 Abbey Road. He moved into a smaller house in Clifton Hill. A lawyer, as well as a cleric, he went back to the bar in 1933 before rejoining the church in the Midlands, where he died suddenly while taking a service in 1941.

      Arthur Morris, who succeeded Taylor, was popular, both as preacher and pastoral minister, but as ever, had to devote much of his energy to repairs and renovations. Finding Clifton Hill too small, ha and his family moved to a vicarage in Abercorn Place, but the lease expired in the year war broke out in 1939. It was decided to build a new vicarage beside the church and the Morrises moved in to today's building in 1943.

      The Second World War brought its own dramas to St Mark's. In October 1941, a bomb fell over the road and the force of the blast was such that the spire had to be taken down. St Mark's congregation was given temporary refuge for services in the Abbey Road Baptist Church and the Presbyterian Church in Marlborough Place.

      When usable, St Mark's was often fuller during the war than for decades. The district was a collecting centre for the RAF, which held church parades in St Mark's. In 1944 the church was narrowly missed by a flying bomb, which shattered much of the glass. Morris, who had rejected offers of preferment during the war, left afterwards and later, became the Bishop of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich.

      Joseph Hobling, assistant priest at St Mark's in 1939, had been called up as an army chaplain and captured by the Germans. Staying with the other ranks in prison camp, he organised entertainments and even took confirmation classes. Late in the war, some American bombers mistook the camp for a German training centre and bombed it, wounding Hobling fatally in the head.


      Morris's successor, William Wilson, was inducted in 1947. It was during his term that the spire was rebuilt, in 1955, and St Mark's issued its first appeal for a community hall with a pamphlet, 'The People Next Door Need Your Help'.

      In 1965, St Mark's was the venue for the launching of the St John's Wood Preservation Society, under the presidency of Lord Ampthill, to oppose the encroachments of property developers. That same year, Barrington Wainwright replaced Wilson as vicar. Donald Aird took over from Wainwright in 1979 and left us in 1995, after a ministry which is still warm in our hearts. John Barrie, our new incumbent, is the 13th at St Mark's and he and his wife Rosy have all our support in facing new challenges in the future.

    Marriage 1 May 1877  Marylebone, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    took place at the Parish Church by banns by R. Duckwork 
    • The Church was St. Marks [Church of England], in the District and Parish of St. Mark's, Marylebone.
    Marriage witnesses 1 May 1877  Marylebone, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    were Amos Laughton, Susan Dedman, and Elizabeth Dedman 
    • Amos Laughton was Alfred's brother. [Susan Dedman and Elizabeth Dedman were likely relatives of Annie.]
    Marriage Abt 1878  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    • Since they had completed 33 years of marriage when the 1911 census was taken on April 2, 1911, their marriage year was calculated as circa 1878.
    Last Modified 28 Jun 2016 
    Family ID F1105  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 2 Apr 1911 - Wavendon, Buckinghamshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Census: Wavenden, Buckinghamshire
    Census: Wavenden, Buckinghamshire
    Alfred Laughton married Annie Dedman
    Alfred Laughton married Annie Dedman

  • Sources 
    1. [S1000] LA0020, England and Wales. Registrar General., LA0020., marriage certificate for Alfred Laughton and Annie Dedman, married May 1; citing 01a/919/106, June quarter 1877, Marylebone registration district, St. Marks sub-district (Reliability: 4), 24 Apr 2009.

    2. [S160] A00134, Claire Laughton-Paxton, A00134., Salph End Farm, Renhold. Registration # 26. (Reliability: 3), 21 Aug 2000.

    3. [S217] A00188, George Laughton, (Renhold, Bedfordshire, England. c. 1868), A00188. (Reliability: 3), 19 Mar 2001.

    4. [S6] A00072, Lorna Flint Laughton, (Norwich, Norfolk, England. April 1986), A00072., Notes page 12 (Reliability: 3), 5 Jun 2001.

    5. [S6] A00072, Lorna Flint Laughton, (Norwich, Norfolk, England. April 1986), A00072., Notes page 5 (Reliability: 3), 5 Jun 2001.

    6. [S6] A00072, Lorna Flint Laughton, (Norwich, Norfolk, England. April 1986), A00072., Notes page 8 (Reliability: 3), 5 Jun 2001.

    7. [S197] A00170, Lorna Flint Laughton, A00170., Baptisms 1813 to 1867. Item # 6, reference 527, page 66. (Reliability: 3), 4 Oct 2001.

    8. [S371] A00305, Lorna Flint Laughton, A00305., Page 82 (Reliability: 3), 11 Mar 2002.

    9. [S372] A00306, Lorna Flint Laughton, A00306., Page 26 (Reliability: 3), 11 Mar 2002.

    10. [S159] A00133, Claire Laughton-Paxton, (England. 1988?), A00133., Renhold. Registration # 40. (Reliability: 3), 20 Aug 2000.

    11. [S374] A00308, Lorna Flint Laughton, A00308., Entry # 40 (Reliability: 3), 13 Mar 2002.

    12. [S6] A00072, Lorna Flint Laughton, (Norwich, Norfolk, England. April 1986), A00072., Notes page 20 (Reliability: 3), 5 Jun 2001.

    13. [S297] A00250, (England: 1890), A00250., Page 112. Renhold. (Reliability: 3), 12 Oct 2001.

    14. [S312] A00255, (England. 1894.), A00255., page 125 (Reliability: 2), 12 Nov 2001.

    15. [S995] LA0019, Government of Great Britain, (Wavedon, Buckinghamshire, England, UK. April 2, 1911.), LA0019., Schedule number 82. (Reliability: 4), 11 Apr 2009.

    16. [S430] A00359, Christine (Laughton) Lamb, (Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. 15 October 2001), A00359. (Reliability: 3), 18 Nov 2002.

    17. [S197] A00170, Lorna Flint Laughton, A00170., Banns 1823 to 1950. Item # 8, reference 44. Photocopied. (Reliability: 3), 4 Oct 2001.

    18. [S27] A00052, Lorna Flint Laughton, Marriages: page 72. (Photocopy on page 3) (Reliability: 3), 21 Apr 1987.

    19. [S6] A00072, Lorna Flint Laughton, (Norwich, Norfolk, England. April 1986), A00072., Notes page 4 (Reliability: 3), 5 Jun 2001.

    20. [S197] A00170, Lorna Flint Laughton, A00170., Marriages 1813 to 1837. Item # 10, reference 72. Photocopied. (Reliability: 3), 4 Oct 2001.



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